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China Passes One of the World's Strictest Data-Privacy Laws

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Three Chinese women share a smartphone screen.

Chinas new privacy law will curb data collection by tech companies.

Credit: Hector Retamal/Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

China's top legislative body has passed the Personal Information Protection Law, which closely resembles Europe's General Data Protection Regulation.

Effective Nov. 1, the law requires any organization or individual handling the personal data of Chinese citizens to minimize data collection and obtain prior consent.

The law requires facial recognition cameras in public places to be marked prominently and used only to maintain public security.

Among other things, the law aims to curb algorithmic discrimination by requiring transparent automated decision-making, and for companies to allow individuals to opt out of personalized marketing.

Additional rules, effective Oct. 1, require companies that process auto data to increase data security and protect personal information collected from vehicles.

From The Wall Street Journal
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