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An edited collection of advanced computing news from Communications of the ACM, ACM TechNews, other ACM resources, and news sites around the Web.


Great Timing, Supercomputer Upgrade Leads to Successful Forecast of Volcanic Eruption
From ACM TechNews

Great Timing, Supercomputer Upgrade Leads to Successful Forecast of Volcanic Eruption

A multi-institutional team of scientists used a forecasting modeling program to predict the June 2018 Sierra Negra volcanic eruption on Ecuador's Galapagos Islands...

Seeing How Odor Is Processed in the Brain
From ACM TechNews

Seeing How Odor Is Processed in the Brain

Researchers created an odor delivery device, then used machine learning to analyze electroencephalograms to determine how the brain processes scents.

Oxford High Turned to AI to Detect Weapons After Shooting
From ACM TechNews

Oxford High Turned to AI to Detect Weapons After Shooting

Oxford High School in Michigan has been testing artificial intelligence-based gun detection software that can flag a firearm carried in plain sight in seconds. ...

Clearview AI's Facial Recognition Tool Coming to Apps, Schools
From ACM TechNews

Clearview AI's Facial Recognition Tool Coming to Apps, Schools

Clearview AI said it is expanding sales of its facial recognition software to companies outside of law enforcement.

Accused of Cheating by an Algorithm, and a Professor She Had Never Met
From ACM News

Accused of Cheating by an Algorithm, and a Professor She Had Never Met

An unsettling glimpse at the digitization of education.

AI Powered Autonomous Cargo Ship for 500 Miles
From ACM TechNews

AI Powered Autonomous Cargo Ship for 500 Miles

A 749-gross-ton vessel is the first commercial cargo ship to be navigated entirely by artificial intelligence during a nearly 500-mile, 40-hour journey.

Why Isn't New Technology Making Us More Productive?
From ACM News

Why Isn't New Technology Making Us More Productive?

Innovations like cloud computing and artificial intelligence are hailed as engines of a coming productivity revival, but a broad payoff across the economy has been...

U.S. Civil Rights Enforcers Warn Employers Against Biased AI
From ACM TechNews

U.S. Civil Rights Enforcers Warn Employers Against Biased AI

The U.S. government has warned employers that artificial intelligence technology for screening new job candidates or tracking productivity could violate civil rights...

Perception-Based Nanosensor Platform Could Advance Detection of Ovarian Cancer
From ACM TechNews

Perception-Based Nanosensor Platform Could Advance Detection of Ovarian Cancer

A multi-institutional research team analyzed spectral signatures of ovarian cancer by harnessing machine learning and the fluorescence of carbon nanotubes.

Microchips that Mimic the Human Brain Could Make AI More Energy Efficient
From ACM News

Microchips that Mimic the Human Brain Could Make AI More Energy Efficient

Neuromorphic chips could cut the power demands of digital assistants and other devices by orders of magnitude.

Machine Learning Has A Backdoor Problem
From ACM News

Machine Learning Has A Backdoor Problem

The researchers explored how the vast available knowledge about backdoors in cryptography could be applied to machine learning.

Always Improving Performance
From Communications of the ACM

Always Improving Performance

Jack J. Dongarra is the recipient of the 2021 ACM A.M. Turing Award for his pioneering contributions to numerical algorithms and libraries that enabled high-performance...

A Deeper Understanding of Deep Learning
From Communications of the ACM

A Deeper Understanding of Deep Learning

Kernel methods clarify why neural networks generalize so well.

Addressing Labor Shortages with Automation
From Communications of the ACM

Addressing Labor Shortages with Automation

Labor shortages have many companies turning to automation technology, but with mixed outcomes.

Widely Available AI Could Have Deadly Consequences
From ACM News

Widely Available AI Could Have Deadly Consequences

U.S. researchers' "Dr. Evil project" proves drug discovery AI could be used to create biochemical weapons.

Algorithm Trained to Detect Unhappiness on Social Networks
From ACM TechNews

Algorithm Trained to Detect Unhappiness on Social Networks

Scientists have created a deep learning algorithm that analyzes social network content to help diagnose users' potential for mental health problems.

Robot Hives in Israel Kibbutz Hope to Keep Bees Buzzing
From ACM TechNews

Robot Hives in Israel Kibbutz Hope to Keep Bees Buzzing

Artificial intelligence-equipped apiaries at Kibbutz Beit Haemek in Israel's Galilee region are designed to maintain bee health.

Using AI to Analyze Large Amounts of Biological Data
From ACM TechNews

Using AI to Analyze Large Amounts of Biological Data

A graph neural network could speed the development of drugs to treat cancer and other diseases.

Finding the Fairness in AI
From ACM News

Finding the Fairness in AI

Algorithmic fairness is more or less obtainable, depending on how you measure it.

Astronomers Image Massive Black Hole at Center of Our Galaxy
From ACM TechNews

Astronomers Image Massive Black Hole at Center of Our Galaxy

Astronomers used supercomputers and computer algorithms to record the first image of the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy.
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