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Communications of the ACM

ACM Opinion

2021 Was the Year of Monster AI Models

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Illustration spoofs 1950s monster movies.

Large language models have become prestige projects that showcase a company's technical prowess.

Credit: Ms Tech | Everett Collection

It's been a year of supersized AI models.

When OpenAI released GPT-3 in June 2020, the neural network's apparent grasp of language was uncanny. GPT-3 was also monstrous in scale—larger than any other neural network ever built.

But the impact of GPT-3 became even clearer in 2021. This year brought a proliferation of large AI models built by multiple tech firms and top AI labs, many surpassing GPT-3 itself in size and ability. How big can they get, and at what cost?

From MIT Technology Review
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